Since there is no cure for arthritis, the goal of treatment is often to limit pain and inflammation, while ensuring optimal joint function. AT UT Southwestern Medical Center, our physicians develop treatment plans that are tailored to your type of arthritis, as well as the severity of the condition.
Treatment plans often involve both short-term and long-term relief approaches.
There are several types of medications that may be used long-term to reduce pain and symptoms, including nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications such as aspirin, ibuprofen, and disease-modifying antirheumatic medications. Examples of disease-modifying antirheumatic medications include methotrexate, hydroxychloroquine, penicillamine, and gold injections. Corticosteroids, medications that contain hormones, can also be used to treat rheumatic diseases. They can be taken orally or as an injection.
Other options include:
If surgery is required, our orthopaedic surgeons are highly trained and experienced in the latest minimally invasive arthroscopic and open surgery research and techniques.
Even if you have had a previous surgery for arthritis that was not as successful as hoped, our orthopaedic surgeons are highly skilled in revision surgery to fix the issue.
If your affected joint shows evidence of torn cartilage or loose fragments of bone or cartilage, your orthopaedic surgeon may suggest arthroscopic surgery, or arthroplasty. In this common minimally invasive outpatient procedure, a small incision is made and a tiny camera is inserted into the surgical site to guide surgeons through the procedure. Small surgical instruments are then inserted through the incision to repair any tears or remove any loose fragments.
In severe cases, particularly in younger patients with early arthritis or deformity of the bone or joint, open surgery, or osteotomy, may be necessary. This involves cutting and realigning bones to decrease pressure within the joint.