Surgery for Gynecologic Cancer

Gynecologic cancer is different for every woman, but surgery is often part of the treatment plan to remove as much of the tumor as possible. Reducing the size of the tumor improves the efficiency of subsequent chemotherapy or radiation therapy because there will be less tumor to treat.

When surgery is part of your individualized treatment plan, our specialists at UT Southwestern Harold C. Simmons Comprehensive Cancer Center use minimally invasive techniques whenever possible. A standard laparoscopic approach or robot-assisted surgery helps you recover faster and return to your normal lifestyle or start the next phase of your treatment sooner.

Our team also has special expertise in dealing with complications from prior gynecologic cancer therapies. These complications can result in fistulas that require repair by our experienced surgeons.

Types of Surgery for Gynecologic Cancers

Different kinds of gynecologic cancers benefit from different kinds of surgery. Surgery typically involves removal of the tumor but may also include removal of the cervix, uterus, ovaries, or other pelvic organs.

Surgical procedures for gynecologic cancers include:

Debulking surgery
Removes as much of the tumor as possible; typically in preparation for chemotherapy, so there will be less tumor to treat
Total hysterectomy
Removes the uterus, including the cervix
Radical hysterectomy
Removes the uterus, cervix, and part of the vagina; the ovaries, fallopian tubes, or nearby lymph nodes may also be removed
Unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
Removes one ovary and one fallopian tube
Bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
Removes both ovaries and both fallopian tubes
Removes the omentum (a fat pad within the abdominal cavity)
Lymph node removal
Removes all or a portion of the lymph nodes

Clinical Trials

Many patients qualify to participate in gynecologic cancer-related clinical trials conducted at UT Southwestern to gain access to the latest medical or surgical treatments and to further research of their disease.

Learn about gynecologic cancer clinical trials offered at UT Southwestern and talk to your doctor about enrolling.

Meet the Team

Request an Appointment

To schedule an appointment with a gynecologic cancer specialist, request an appointment, call 214-645-8300.