Treatment Options

There is no cure for Alzheimer’s, but specialized treatments can improve the outlook for patients suffering from the disorder or other types of dementia or memory loss. UT Southwestern Medical Center's team of researchers and physicians offer the most advanced care to provide assistance and relief for you and your family.

Medications, lifestyle changes, and research protocols are currently prescribed for people dealing with neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s and other dementias. Medications can often help with memory symptoms, function, and behavioral or mood changes.

Some commonly prescribed medications include:

Cholinesterase inhibitors
Generally prescribed for Alzheimer’s disease and work by increasing a brain chemical called acetylcholine that is depleted in the brain. 
Memantine
Medication used alone or in combination with cholinesterase inhibitors for a variety of neurodegenerative diseases. 

Certain foods and activities may improve cognitive health. Regular exercise, frequent social interaction, and appropriate dietary choices are also important. Diets with lots of vegetables, fish, and omega-2 fatty acids may help protect cognitive health. 

Some supplements might be helpful, but this must be discussed with your physician as it varies from person to person.

There is no one way to prevent dementia, but you can lower your risk by keeping your heart healthy and preventing or treating hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and diabetes mellitus. Building cognitive reserve and preventing head injuries are important as well. Seek an evaluation at the first sign of memory loss.

Our NIH-funded Alzheimer’s Disease Center provides opportunities to participate in studies on potential new therapies.