Lung cancer is often diagnosed in the late stages of the disease, largely because there are few or no symptoms in the early stages. Early detection changes everything, from quality of life to life expectancy.
UT Southwestern Medical Center offers a low-dose CT lung cancer screening to look for potentially cancerous spots in people at highest risk for developing lung cancer. If you are over 55 and have smoked the equivalent of a pack of cigarettes a day for 30 years, your risk for lung cancer is high enough to be screened.
Lung cancer screening with low-dose CT takes pictures of the lungs to look for potentially cancerous spots. CT images are better at finding abnormalities than a traditional chest X-ray. A screening trial of 53,454 current or former heavy smokers conducted by the National Cancer Institute in 2010 revealed that participants who received low-dose helical CT scans had a 20 percent lower risk of dying from lung cancer than participants who received standard chest X-rays.
The amount of radiation received during a Lung Cancer Screening CT Exam is less than the amount received annually from naturally occurring radiation that’s present in the environment. Our state-of-the-art imaging services are accredited by the American College of Radiology.
A key to successful treatment of lung cancer is early detection of the disease. The primary purpose of this CT screening exam is to detect and diagnose lung cancer at an early stage to improve treatment options and effectiveness. The images acquired are reviewed for the presence of lung nodules, masses, or other abnormalities suspicious for lung cancer. If treatment is needed, and you don’t currently have a provider, consider UT Southwestern’s Harold C. Simmons Cancer Center, the only NCI-designated cancer center in Dallas. Our Imaging Services is also the only NCI-designated center for Quantitative Imaging Excellence in Dallas.
This screening program is for patients 55 years of age or older who have smoked at least the equivalent of a pack of cigarettes a day for 30 years with no history of cancer and who do not have symptoms of lung cancer identified by a doctor. Screening remains an individual decision that should be discussed with a health care provider who can assist you in weighing the risks and benefits of the procedure.
CT scans can potentially pick up spots in the lungs that are ultimately revealed to be not cancerous, but their presence may lead to anxiety about the findings. The process to determine if these spots are benign or malignant can include additional procedures to help diagnose the findings and, in a small percentage of cases, may involve surgeries that would otherwise not be recommended. Also, the small dose of radiation from the exam poses a small and negligible risk of causing cancer.
Currently, CT screening is an out-of-pocket expense that is not covered by most health insurance carriers. However, this may change as more clinical trials prove the effectiveness of low-dose CT screening in decreasing cancer mortality rates. Whereas many CT screening fees across the country cost upwards of $400, we are offering a discounted rate of $299 because we want this life saving service to be affordable to a maximum number of people.
During your exam you will be lying flat on the CT table while the scanner rotates around you, gathering images of the inside of your lungs. The CT images provide the radiologist with detailed information that will be used to detect and diagnose disease. The entire screening exam typically requires a single breath hold and is usually completed in less than 10 seconds.
A UT Southwestern radiologist will interpret the exam. The results will be provided to both you and the physician you designate when scheduling your appointment for the screening. As a follow-up to your exam, you can call the Lung Cancer Screening Program at 214-645-8300 to schedule an appointment to discuss the findings with a UT Southwestern pulmonary specialist. This appointment is not included in the screening fee, but we will check to confirm coverage by your health insurance provider.