Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian cancer develops in the ovaries.

Ovarian Cancer Symptoms

Ovarian cancer is often undetected until it has spread to the pelvis and abdomen. As it progresses, you may notice:

  • Abdominal pressure, fullness, swelling, or bloating
  • Pelvic discomfort or pain
  • Persistent indigestion, gas, or nausea
  • Changes in bowel habits, such as constipation
  • Changes in bladder habits, including a frequent need to urinate
  • Loss of appetite or quickly feeling full
  • Increased abdominal girth or clothes fitting tighter around your waist
  • A persistent lack of energy
  • Low back pain

Ovarian Cancer Treatment

Your treatment will depend on the characteristics of the cancer, its stage, your general health, and your preferences.

Treatment options include:


If your cancer is caught early, surgery may involve removing one ovary and its fallopian tube.

For more advanced stages, you may require an extensive operation that removes both ovaries, fallopian tubes, the uterus, nearby lymph nodes, and the omentum.


After surgery, you’ll most likely need chemotherapy to kill any remaining cancer cells. Chemotherapy drugs can be given in a vein or injected directly into the abdominal cavity.

Supporting You Every Step of the Way

At UT Southwestern, care does not stop with treatment of the malignancy. Our team is just as concerned about your nutrition, pain control, and psychological and social adjustments, as well as the impact of cancer on your family.

If you have questions, be sure to talk with your physician or another member of your clinical care team.