Genetic Testing in Screening Patients With Stage IB-IIIA Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer That Has Been or Will Be Removed by Surgery (The ALCHEMIST Screening Trial)
- Clements University Hospital
David Gerber, M.D.
Adjuvant Lung Cancer Enrichment Marker Identification and Sequencing Trial (ALCHEMIST)
This research trial studies genetic testing in screening patients with stage IB-IIIA non-small cell lung cancer that has been or will be removed by surgery. Studying the genes in a patient's tumor cells may help doctors select the best treatment for patients that have certain genetic changes.
I. To centrally test resected non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) for genetic mutations to facilitate accrual to randomized adjuvant studies.
II. To obtain clinically annotated tumor tissue and patient-matched non-malignant deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) from peripheral blood, as well as detailed epidemiologic and clinical follow-up data, to allow clinically annotated advanced genomic analyses in concert with the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Center for Cancer Genomics (CCG).
I. To characterize the natural history of molecularly characterized NSCLC to allow subsequent development of targeted therapies against genotype-defined subpopulations in the adjuvant and recurrent settings.
II. To cross-validate local genotyping assays for epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and anaplastic lymphoma receptor tyrosine kinase (ALK) with a central reference standard.
I. To study the genomic evolution of lung cancers by comparing genomic characteristics at resection and at recurrence.
II. To understand reasons behind lack of enrollment to adjuvant targeted therapy studies for potentially eligible patients.
III. To study the clinical significance of circulating tumor DNA within the plasma cell-free DNA (cfDNA) from early stage lung cancer patients.
Patients undergo collection of blood and tissue samples for EGFR, ALK, and programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1)/programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1)/cytotoxic t-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA-4) testing via direct sequencing, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and immunohistochemistry (IHC). Patients that have had surgery prior to pre-registration will submit samples from the previous surgery for testing.
After completion of study, patients that are not enrolled on either A081105, E4512, or EA5142 are followed up every 6 months for 5 years.
- PATIENT PRE-REGISTRATION ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA:
- For pre-surgical patients
- Suspected diagnosis of resectable non-small cell lung cancer; cancers with a histology of "adenosquamous" are considered a type of adenocarcinoma and thus a "nonsquamous" histology; patients with squamous cell carcinoma are eligible only if the registering site has EA5142 Institutional Review Board (IRB) approved
- Suspected clinical stage of IIIA, II (IIA or IIB) or large IB (defined as size >= 4cm); Note: IB tumors < 4cm are NOT eligible; stage IB cancer based on pleural invasion is not eligible unless the tumor size is >= 4cm
- For post-surgical patients
- Completely resected non-small cell lung cancer with negative margins (R0); patients with squamous cell carcinoma are eligible only if the registering site has EA5142 IRB approved
- Pathologic stage IIIA, II (IIA or IIB) or large IB (defined as size >= 4 cm); Note: IB tumors < 4cm are NOT eligible; stage IB cancer based on pleural invasion is not eligible unless the tumor size is >= 4cm
- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-1
- No patients who have received neoadjuvant therapy (chemo- or radio-therapy) for this lung cancer
- No locally advanced or metastatic cancer requiring systemic therapy within 5 years prior to registration; no secondary primary lung cancer diagnosed concurrently or within 2 year prior to registration
- No prior treatment with agents targeting EGFR mutation, ALK rearrangement, and PD-1/PD-L1/CTLA-4
- No patients known to be pregnant or lactating
- Patients who have had local genotyping are eligible, regardless of the local result
- No patients with recurrence of lung cancer after prior resection
- Note: Post-surgical patients should proceed to registration immediately following preregistration
- PATIENT REGISTRATION ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA:
- Completely resected NSCLC with negative margins (R0); cancers with a histology of "adenosquamous" are considered a type of adenocarcinoma and thus a "nonsquamous" histology; patients with squamous cell carcinoma are eligible only if the registering site has EA5142 IRB approved
- Pathologic stage IIIA, IIA or IIB, or large IB (defined as size >= 4cm); Note: IB tumors < 4cm are NOT eligible; stage IB cancer based on pleural invasion is not eligible unless the tumor size is >= 4cm
- Tissue available for the required analyses (either clinical tissue block or slides and scrolls)
- In order to allow for time for central genotyping and eligibility for the ALCHEMIST treatment trial, patients must register within the following eligibility windows, depending on the adjuvant treatment approach:
- If no adjuvant therapy, register patient within 75 days following surgery
- If adjuvant chemotherapy or radiotherapy only, register patient within 225 days following surgery
- If adjuvant chemotherapy and radiation, register patient within 285 days following surgery