Phase 1/2a Evaluation of Adding AL3818 to Standard Platinum-Based Chemotherapy in Subjects With Recurrent or Metastatic Endometrial, Ovarian, Fallopian, Primary Peritoneal or Cervical Carcinoma (AL3818-US-002)
- Clements University Hospital
David Miller, M.D.
A Phase 1/2a Evaluation of the Safety and Efficacy of Adding AL3818, a Dual Receptor Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor, to Standard Platinum-Based Chemotherapy, in Subjects With Recurrent or Metastatic Endometrial, Ovarian, Fallopian, Primary Peritoneal or Cervical Carcinoma (AL3818-US-002)
This trial is a Phase 1b/2a trial designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of adding oral AL3818 to standard platinum-based chemotherapy concurrently and continued as a maintenance therapy for up to 12 months.
This trial is a Phase 1b/2a trial designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of adding oral
AL3818 to standard platinum-based chemotherapy such as carboplatin plus paclitaxel,
concurrently and continued as a maintenance therapy for up to 12 months, in subjects with
recurrent or metastatic endometrial, ovarian, fallopian, primary peritoneal, or cervical
carcinoma. AL3818 is a novel small molecule dual receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor, which
shows highly selective inhibition of fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFr) and vascular
endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR). Preclinical studies of this agent in mouse
models, including various cancer xenografts, have demonstrated that treatment of
tumor-bearing mice with AL3818 induces tumor reductions.
This study will be divided into two parts. The objective of Part 1 is the evaluation of the safety and tolerability of adding oral AL3818 to standard carboplatin plus paclitaxel chemotherapy for a cycle of 21 days to determine the recommended Phase II dose (RP2D). The objective of Part 2 is evaluation of preliminary efficacy and the safety of adding oral AL3818 at the RP2D determined in Part 1 to carboplatin and paclitaxel chemotherapy for 6 cycles. Continuous maintenance mono therapy with 14 days on and 7 days off regimen at the RP2D will be conducted up to 12 months and is extendable beyond until disease progression.
1. Female ≥ 18 years of age
2. Histologically proven diagnosis of:
a. Endometrial and other uterine cancers with tumors of all histologies i. Recurrent Stage I to II endometrial and other uterine cancers, after at least one prior line of standard therapy, requiring further treatment with platinum-based chemotherapy ii. Advanced Stage III to IV endometrial and other uterine cancers requiring treatment with platinum-based chemotherapy b. Ovarian Cancer: Platinum-sensitive or platinum-resistant recurrent or metastatic ovarian, fallopian, or primary peritoneal cancer treated with at least one prior line of platinum-based chemotherapy and requiring further treatment.
Platinum-sensitive is defined as cancer progression ≥ 6 months after platinum-based chemotherapy. Platinum-resistant is defined as cancer progression < 6 months after platinum-based chemotherapy.
Histologic cell types eligible are endometrioid adenocarcinoma, serous adenocarcinoma, undifferentiated carcinoma, clear cell adenocarcinoma, mixed epithelial carcinoma, adenocarcinoma not otherwise specified. c. Cervical cancer: recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer that is not amenable to curative treatment with surgery and/or radiation therapy and has not been previously treated with chemotherapy for recurrence.
Histologic cell types eligible are squamous cell carcinoma, adenosquamous carcinoma or adenocarcinoma
3. Have measureable disease defined by RECIST 1.1 confirmed by CT or MRI scan within 28 days of enrollment.
4. Life expectancy of ≥ 3 months at the time of enrollment.
5. Able to take orally administered study medication.
6. Have adequate baseline function and performance status within 28 days of enrollment:
1. Bone marrow function: absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1,500/mm3, platelets ≥ 100,000/mm3
2. Renal function: creatinine ≤ 1.5 x institutional upper limit normal (ULN) or if creatinine is > 1.5 x ULN, creatinine clearance must be > 50 mL/min.
3. Hepatic function: bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN or ≤ 3.0 x ULN for subjects with Gilbert Syndrome; AST and ALT ≤ 3.0 × ULN.
4. Coagulation profile: international normalized ratio (INR) is ≤ 1.5 and an aPTT or PTT < 1.2 x ULN
5. ECOG performance ≤ 2
7. Women of child-bearing potential must agree to use contraceptive measures starting 1 week before C1D1 until 4 weeks after the last dose of study treatment and have a negative serum pregnancy test within 28 days of enrollment.
8. Provide written informed consent and authorization permitting release of Protected Health Information.
9. Ability and willingness to comply with the study protocol for the duration of the study and with follow-up procedures.
1. Serious, non-healing wound, ulcer or bone fracture.
2. Major surgical procedure within 28 days or minor surgical procedure performed within 7 days prior to C1D1 (a major surgical procedure is defined as requiring general anesthesia).
3. (Intentionally left blank)
4. Active bleeding or pathologic conditions that carry high risk of bleeding, such as known bleeding disorder, coagulopathy, or tumor involving major vessels.
5. History or evidence upon physical examination of central nervous system (CNS) disease including primary brain tumor; seizures not controlled with standard medical therapy; and history of cerebrovascular accident (CVA, stroke), transient ischemic attack (TIA), or subarachnoid hemorrhage within 6 months of enrollment.
a. Subjects with metastatic CNS tumors may participate in this study if the subject is > 28 days from therapy completion (including radiation and/or surgery), is clinically stable at the time of study enrollment, and is not receiving corticosteroid therapy.
6. Proteinuria on urinalysis within 28 days of enrollment. Subjects discovered to have a urine protein of 1+ on dipstick or ≥ 30 mg/dl at baseline should undergo a 24-hour urine collection and demonstrate < 1000 mg protein per 24 hours or spot urine protein (mg/dL) to creatinine (mg/dL) ratio must be <1.0 to allow participation in the study.
7. Clinically significant cardiovascular disease including uncontrolled hypertension; myocardial infarction or unstable angina within 6 months prior to enrollment; New York Heart Association (NYHA) Grade II or greater congestive heart failure (Appendix E); serious cardiac arrhythmia requiring medication; and Grade II or greater peripheral vascular disease.
8. Women who are pregnant or nursing.
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10. Clinically significant, uncontrolled hypokalemia, hypomagnesaemia, and/or hypocalcaemia.
11. Hemoptysis within 3 months prior to enrollment.
12. Acute or chronic liver disease, active hepatitis A or B with known cirrhosis or liver dysfunction.
13. Cytotoxic chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or radiotherapy within 28 days (42 days in cases of mitomycin C, nitrosourea, lomustine) prior to enrollment.
14. Concomitant treatment with strong inhibitors or inducers of CYP3A4, CYP2C9 and CYP2C19 within 14 days prior to enrollment and during the study unless there is an emergent or life-threatening medical condition that required it.
15. Known history of human immunodeficiency virus infection (HIV).
16. Active bacterial infections requiring systemic antibiotics (excluding uncomplicated urinary tract infection).
17. Other invasive malignancies, with the exception of non-melanoma skin cancer, who had (or have) any evidence of other cancer present within the last 5 years prior to enrollment or whose previous cancer treatment contraindicates this protocol therapy.
18. History of non-malignant gastrointestinal bleeding, gastric stress ulcerations, or peptic ulcer disease within the past 3-months prior to enrollment that in the opinion of the investigator may place the subject at risk of side effects on an anti-angiogenesis product.
19. History of significant vascular disease (e.g. aortic aneurysm, aortic dissection).
20. Intra-abdominal abscess within the last 3 months of enrollment.
21. Pre-existing uncontrolled hypertension as documented by two baseline blood pressure readings taken at least five minutes apart, defined as systolic BP >160 mm Hg or diastolic BP > 90 mm Hg pressure.
22. QTc > 470 msec on screening ECG per Fridericia's formula.
23. History of or existing risk factors for Torsades de pointes (TdP) (e.g., heart failure, hypokalemia, family history of Long QT Syndrome).
24. Concurrent use of concomitant medications that prolong the QT/QTc interval.
25. Baseline echocardiogram (within 56 days of enrollment) with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 50%.
26. History of difficulty swallowing, malabsorption, active partial or complete bowel obstruction, or other chronic gastrointestinal disease or condition that may hamper compliance and/or absorption of AL3818.
27. History of pancreatitis; history of renal disease that includes histologically confirmed glomerulonephritis, biopsy proven tubulointerstitial nephritis, crystal nephropathy or other renal insufficiencies.
28. Treatment with an investigational agent within 28 days of enrollment.
29. Known recreational substance abuse.
30. Anticoagulation therapy with warfarin. Subjects treated with heparin, low molecular weight heparin, or any other anticoagulant may be included provided the subject has been on a stable therapeutic dose of the anticoagulant for at least 14 days prior to enrollment.
31. Known hypersensitivity to AL3818 or components of the formulation.