Phase 2 Study of MLN0128, Combination of MLN0128 With MLN1117, Paclitaxel and Combination of MLN0128 With Paclitaxel in Women With Endometrial Cancer
- Clements University Hospital
David Miller, M.D.
A Phase 2, Randomized Study of MLN0128 (a Dual TORC1/2 Inhibitor), MLN0128+MLN1117 (a PI3Kα Inhibitor), Weekly Paclitaxel, or the Combination of Weekly Paclitaxel and MLN0128 in Women With Advanced, Recurrent, or Persistent Endometrial Cancer
The primary purpose of this study is to determine if MLN0128 in combination with weekly paclitaxel improves progression-free survival (PFS) compared to weekly paclitaxel alone.
The drugs being evaluated in this study are MLN0128 and MLN1117. MLN0128 is being evaluated
as a single agent and in combination with paclitaxel or MLN1117 to treat women with advanced,
recurrent, or persistent endometrial cancer. This study will evaluate the efficacy and safety
of each drug or drug combination.
The study will enroll approximately 260 patients. Participants will be randomly assigned (by chance, like flipping a coin) to one of 4 treatment groups:
- Paclitaxel 80 mg/m^2 weekly
- Paclitaxel 80 mg/m^2 weekly + MLN0128 4 mg 3 consecutive days each week
- MLN0128 30 mg weekly
- MLN0128 4 mg + MLN1117 200 mg both given 3 consecutive days each week
Participants will receive either Paclitaxel intravenous (IV) weekly, Paclitaxel IV along with MLN0128 orally, MLN0128 orally, or MLN0128 and MLN1117 orally.
This is a multicenter, multinational trial. Participants will make multiple visits to the clinic, with an end of treatment visit (EOT) which will occur 30 to 40 days after receiving their last dose of study drug or before the start of any subsequent anticancer therapy. After EOT, participants will be followed for PFS and overall survival (OS).
1. Histologic or cytologic diagnosis of endometrial carcinoma (including endometrioid, serous, mixed adenocarcinoma, clear-cell carcinoma, or carcinosarcoma).
2. Evidence that the endometrial cancer is advanced, recurrent, or persistent and has relapsed or is refractory to curative therapy or established treatments.
3. At least 1 prior platinum-based chemotherapeutic regimen, but not more than 2 prior chemotherapeutic regimens, for management of endometrial carcinoma. Prior treatment may include chemotherapy, chemotherapy/radiation therapy, and/or consolidation/maintenance therapy. Chemotherapy administered in conjunction with primary radiation as a radio-sensitized therapy will be considered a systemic chemotherapy regimen.
4. Measureable disease by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1, defined as at least 1 lesion that can be accurately measured in at least 1 dimension (longest diameter to be recorded). Each lesion must be ≥ 10 mm in long axis when measured by computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or caliper measurement by clinical exam. Lymph nodes must be ≥ 15 mm in short axis when measured by CT or MRI.
5. Tumor accessible and patient consents to undergo fresh tumor biopsies.
6. Female patients 18 years or older.
7. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 to 2
8. Female patients who:
- Are postmenopausal for at least 1 year before the screening visit, OR
- Are surgically sterile, OR
- If they are of childbearing potential, agree to practice 1 highly effective method of contraception and 1 additional effective (barrier) method at the same time, from the time of signing the informed consent through 90 days (or longer, as mandated by local labeling [eg, United States Prescribing Information (USPI), Summary of Product Characteristics (SmPC), etc.]) after the last dose of study drug, OR
- Agree to practice true abstinence, when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the subject. (Periodic abstinence [eg, calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, postovulation methods], withdrawal, spermicides only, and lactational amenorrhea are not acceptable methods of contraception. Female and male condoms should not be used together.)
9. Clinical laboratory values as specified below within 4 weeks before the first dose of study drug:
- Bone marrow reserve consistent with absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1500/μL; platelet count ≥ 100,000/μL; hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) < 6.5%.
- Total bilirubin must be ≤ 1.5 x the upper limit of normal (ULN).
- Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) must be ≤ 2.5 x the upper limit of the normal range. AST and ALT may be elevated up to 5 times the ULN if their elevation can be reasonably ascribed to the presence of metastatic disease in liver.
- Creatinine clearance ≥ 50 mL/min/1.73 m^2 based either on Cockcroft-Gault estimate or based on a 12- or 24-hour urine collection.
- Fasting serum glucose < 130 mg/dL and fasting triglycerides ≤ 300 mg/dL.
10. Ability to swallow oral medications, willingness to perform mucositis prophylaxis, and suitable venous access for the study-required blood sampling.
11. Voluntary written consent must be given before performance of any study-related procedure not part of standard medical care, with the understanding that consent may be withdrawn by the patient at any time without prejudice to future medical care.
1. Positive serum pregnancy test during the screening period or a positive urine pregnancy test on Day 1 before first dose of study drug. Women who are lactating and breastfeeding are not eligible.
2. Previous treatment with any weekly taxane regimen.
3. History of severe hypersensitivity reactions to paclitaxel or any of its excipients.
4. Previous treatment with phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), serine/threonine-specific protein kinase (AKT), dual PI3K/ mammalian (or mechanistic) target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors, target of rapamycin complex 1/2 (TORC1/2) inhibitors or TORC1 inhibitors.
5. Initiation of treatment with hematopoietic growth factors, transfusions of blood and blood products, or systemic corticosteroids (either intravenous (IV) or oral steroids, excluding inhalers) within 1 week before administration of the first dose of study drug (patients already receiving erythropoietin on a chronic basis for ≥ 4 weeks are eligible).
6. Patients who are taking proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) within 7 days of the first dose of study drug or who require treatment with PPIs throughout the trial or those who are taking H2 receptor antagonists within 24 hours of the first dose of study drug.
7. A prothrombin time (PT) or activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) above the ULN or a history of a coagulopathy or bleeding disorder.
8. Known hepatitis B surface antigen-positive, or known or suspected active hepatitis C infection.
9. Sensory or motor neuropathy ≥ Grade 2.
10. Central nervous system (CNS) metastasis, endometrial leiomyosarcoma, or endometrial stromal sarcoma.
11. Manifestations of malabsorption due to prior gastrointestinal surgery, gastrointestinal disease, or for some other reason that may alter the absorption of MLN0128 or MLN1117. In addition, patients with enteric stomata are also excluded.
12. Other clinically significant co-morbidities, such as uncontrolled pulmonary disease, active CNS disease, active infection, or any other condition that could compromise participation of the patient in the study.
13. Known human immunodeficiency virus infection.
14. History of any of the following within the last 6 months before administration of the first dose of study drug:
- Ischemic myocardial event, including angina requiring therapy and artery revascularization procedures.
- Ischemic cerebrovascular event, including transient ischemic attack and artery revascularization procedures.
- Requirement for inotropic support (excluding digoxin) or serious (uncontrolled) cardiac arrhythmia (including atrial flutter/fibrillation, ventricular fibrillation, or ventricular tachycardia).
- Placement of a pacemaker for control of rhythm.
- New York Heart Association Class III or IV heart failure.
- Pulmonary embolism.
15. Significant active cardiovascular or pulmonary disease before administration of the first dose of study drug, including:
- Uncontrolled hypertension (ie, either systolic blood pressure > 180 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure > 95 mm Hg).
- Pulmonary hypertension.
- Uncontrolled asthma or oxygen saturation < 90% by arterial blood gas analysis or pulse oximetry on room air.
- Significant valvular disease; severe regurgitation or stenosis by imaging independent of symptom control with medical intervention; or history of valve replacement.
- Medically significant (symptomatic) bradycardia.
- History of arrhythmia requiring an implantable cardiac defibrillator.
- Baseline prolongation of the rate-corrected QT interval (QTc; eg, repeated demonstration of QTc interval > 480 ms, or history of congenital long QT syndrome, or torsades de pointes).
16. Diagnosed or treated for another malignancy within 2 years before administration of the first dose of study drug or previously diagnosed with another malignancy and have any evidence of residual disease. Patients with non-melanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of any type are not excluded if they have undergone complete resection.
17. Patients with endometrioid histology and histologically confirmed expression of estrogen receptors (ER) and/or progesterone receptors (PgR) who have not received prior endocrine therapy and for whom endocrine therapy is currently indicated.