Skull Base Surgery Research Publications

Anterior Skull Base Surgery and Rhinology

Cerebrospinal Fluid Leaks

  • Landreneau FE, Mickey B, Coimbra C. Surgical treatment of cerebrospinal fluid fistulae involving lateral extension of the sphenoid sinus. Neurosurgery. 1998 May;42(5):1101-4; discussion 1104-5.
  • Mehendale NH, Marple BF, Nussenbaum B. Management of sphenoid sinus cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea: making use of an extended approach to the sphenoid sinus. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2002 Feb;126(2):147-53.
  • Sautter NB, Batra PS, Citardi MJ. Endoscopic management of sphenoid sinus cerebrospinal fluid leaks. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2008 Jan;117(1):32-9.
  • Schaefer SD, Close LG, Mickey BE. The surgical management of epidural mucoceles. Laryngoscope. 1988 Jan;98(1):14-7.
  • Zapalac JS, Marple BF, Schwade ND. Skull base cerebrospinal fluid fistulas: a comprehensive diagnostic algorithm. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2002 Jun;126(6):669-76.

Endoscopic Skull Base Surgery

  • Batra PS, Citardi MJ. Endoscopic management of sinonasal malignancy. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2006 Jun;39(3):619-37.
  • Batra PS, Lanza DC. Endoscopic power-assisted orbital exenteration. Am J Rhinol. 2005 May-Jun;19(3):297-301.
  • Batra PS, Citardi MJ, Worley S, Lee J, Lanza DC. Resection of anterior skull base tumors: comparison of combined traditional and endoscopic techniques. Am J Rhinol. 2005 Sep-Oct;19(5):521-8.
  • Leong JL, Citardi MJ, Batra PS. Reconstruction of skull base defects after minimally invasive endoscopic resection of anterior skull base neoplasms. Am J Rhinol. 2006 Sep-Oct;20(5):476-82
  • Roh HJ, Batra PS, Citardi MJ, Lee J, Bolger WE, Lanza DC. Endoscopic resection of sinonasal malignancies: a preliminary report. Am J Rhinol. 2004 Jul-Aug;18(4):239-46.
  • Solares CA, Fakhri S, Batra PS, Lee J, Lanza DC. Transnasal endoscopic resection of lesions of the clivus: a preliminary report. Laryngoscope. 2005 Nov;115(11):1917-22.
  • Shipchandler TZ, Batra PS, Citardi MJ, Bolger WE, Lanza DC. Outcomes for endoscopic resection of sinonasal squamous cell carcinoma. Laryngoscope. 2005 Nov;115(11):1983-7.
  • Zafereo ME, Fakhri S, Prayson R, Batra PS, Lee J, Lanza DC, Citardi MJ. Esthesioneuroblastoma: 25-year experience at a single institution. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2008 Apr;138(4):452-8.

Inverted Papilloma

  • Cannady SB, Batra PS, Sautter NB, Roh HJ, Citardi MJ. New staging system for sinonasal inverted papilloma in the endoscopic era. Laryngoscope. 2007 Jul;117(7):1283-7.
  • Fakhri S, Citardi MJ, Wolfe S, Batra PS, Prayson RA, Lanza DC. Challenges in the management of sphenoid inverted papilloma. Am J Rhinol. 2005 Mar-Apr;19(2):207-13.
  • Kim JY, Yoon JK, Citardi MJ, Batra PS, Roh HJ. The prevalence of human papilloma virus infection in sinonasal inverted papilloma specimens classified by histological grade. Am J Rhinol. 2007 Nov-Dec;21(6):664-9.
  • Roh HJ, Procop GW, Batra PS, Citardi MJ, Lanza DC. Inflammation and the pathogenesis of inverted papilloma. Am J Rhinol. 2004 Mar-Apr;18(2):65-74.
  • Sautter NB, Cannady SB, Citardi MJ, Roh HJ, Batra PS. Comparison of open versus endoscopic resection of inverted papilloma. Am J Rhinol. 2007 May-Jun;21(3):320-3.
  • Sautter NB, Citardi MJ, Batra PS. Minimally invasive resection of frontal recess/sinus inverted papilloma. Am J Otolaryngol. 2007 Jul-Aug;28(4):221-4.
  • Yoon BN, Batra PS, Citardi MJ, Roh HJ. Frontal sinus inverted papilloma: surgical strategy based on the site of attachment. Am J Rhinol Allergy. 2009 May-Jun;23(3):337-41.

Image Guided Surgery and Radiology

  • Batra PS, Citardi MJ, Gallivan RP, Roh HJ, Lanza DC. Software-enabled computed tomography analysis of the carotid artery and sphenoid sinus pneumatization patterns. Am J Rhinol. 2004 Jul-Aug;18(4):203-8.
  • Batra PS, Kanowitz SJ, Citardi MJ. Clinical utility of intraoperative volume computed tomography scanner for endoscopic sinonasal and skull base procedures. Am J Rhinol. 2008 Sep-Oct;22(5):511-5.
  • Citardi MJ, Batra PS. Intraoperative surgical navigation for endoscopic sinus surgery: rationale and indications. Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2007 Feb;15(1):23-7.
  • Citardi MJ, Gallivan RP, Batra PS, Maurer CR Jr, Rohlfing T, Roh HJ, Lanza DC. Quantitative computer-aided computed tomography analysis of sphenoid sinus anatomical relationships. Am J Rhinol. 2004 May-Jun;18(3):173-8.
  • Knott PD, Batra PS, Butler RS, Citardi MJ. Contour and paired-point registration in a model for image-guided surgery. Laryngoscope. 2006 Oct;116(10):1877-81.
  • Knott PD, Batra PS, Citardi MJ. Computer aided surgery: concepts and applications in rhinology. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2006 Jun;39(3):503-22, ix.
  • Leong JL, Batra PS, Citardi MJ. CT-MR image fusion for the management of skull base lesions. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2006 May;134(5):868-76.
  • Leong JL, Batra PS, Citardi MJ. Three-dimensional computed tomography angiography of the internal carotid artery for preoperative evaluation of sinonasal lesions and intraoperative surgical navigation. Laryngoscope. 2005 Sep;115(9):1618-23.
  • Marple BF, Setzen M. Image-guidance technology: what type of information best guides its appropriate use? Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2006 Jul;135(1):73-5.
  • Mendelsohn DB, Hertzanu Y, Cohen M, Lello G. Computed tomography of craniofacial fibrous dysplasia. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 1984 Dec;8(6):1062-5.
  • Solares CA, Lee WT, Batra PS, Citardi MJ. Lateral lamella of the cribriform plate: software-enabled computed tomographic analysis and its clinical relevance in skull base surgery. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2008 Mar;134(3):285-9.

Open Skull Base Surgery

  • Barnett S, Samson D: Surgical Management of Giant Anterior Cerebral Artery Aneurysms. Operative Techniques in Neurosurgery. 2005; 8:93-97.
  • Close LG, Schaefer SD, Mickey BE, Manning SC. Surgical management of nasopharyngeal angiofibroma involving the cavernous sinus. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1989 Sep;115(9):1091-5.
  • Close LG, Mickey B. Transcranial resection of ethmoid sinus cancer involving the anterior skull base. Skull Base Surg. 1992;2(4):213-9.
  • Hauck EF, Barnett SL, White JA. Samson D: Symptomatic Brainstem Cavernomas. Neurosurgery. 2009; 64:61-71.
  • Myers LL, Oxford LE. Differential diagnosis and treatment options in paranasal sinus cancers. Surg Oncol Clin N Am. 2004 Jan;13(1):167-86.
  • Myers LL, Nussenbaum B, Bradford CR, Teknos TN, Esclamado RM, Wolf GT. Paranasal sinus malignancies: an 18-year single institution experience. Laryngoscope. 2002 Nov;112(11):1964-9.
  • Schaefer SD, Close LG, Mickey BE. Axial subcutaneous scalp flaps in the reconstruction of the anterior cranial fossa. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1986 Jul;112(7):745-9.
  • Williams FC, Mickey B, Schultz B, Ellis E 3rd. Comparison of the Le Fort I maxillary osteotomy with the sublabial transnasal and endonasal approaches to the sphenoid sinus and sella: a cadaveric study. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2009 May;67(5):1052-7.

Special Techniques in Rhinology

  • Batra PS, Citardi MJ, Lanza DC. Isolated sphenoid sinusitis after transsphenoidal hypophysectomy. Am J Rhinol. 2005 Mar-Apr;19(2):185-9.
  • Batra PS, Citardi MJ, Lanza DC. Combined endoscopic trephination and endoscopic frontal sinusotomy for management of complex frontal sinus pathology. Am J Rhinol. 2005 Sep-Oct;19(5):435-41.
  • Batra PS, Cannady SB, Lanza DC. Surgical outcomes of drillout procedures for complex frontal sinus pathology. Laryngoscope. 2007 May;117(5):927-31.
  • Cannady SB, Batra PS, Koening C, Lorenz RR, Citardi MJ, Langford C, Hoffman GS. Sinonasal Wegener granulomatosis: a single-institution experience with 120 cases. Laryngoscope. 2009 Apr;119(4):757-61.
  • Friedman A, Batra PS, Fakhri S, Citardi MJ, Lanza DC. Isolated sphenoid sinus disease: etiology and management. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2005 Oct;133(4):544-50.
  • Kanowitz SJ, Batra PS, Citardi MJ. Comprehensive management of failed frontal sinus obliteration. Am J Rhinol. 2008 May-Jun;22(3):263-70.
  • Sautter NB, Citardi MJ, Perry J, Batra PS. Paranasal sinus mucoceles with skull-base and/or orbital erosion: is the endoscopic approach sufficient? Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2008 Oct;139(4):570-4.
  • Solares CA, Citardi MJ, Budev M, Batra PS. Management of frontal sinus mucoceles with posterior table erosion in the pretransplant cystic fibrosis population. Am J Otolaryngol. 2007 Mar-Apr;28(2):110-4.

Lateral Skull Base Surgery and Neurotolgy

Acoustic Neuroma

  • Marple BF, Milchbrub S, Meyerhoff WL, Roland PS. Necrotizing granulomatous inflammation of the superior vestibular nerve mimicking an acoustic neuroma. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1998 Jun;118(6):862-5.
  • Roland PS, Gilmore J. Intracochlear schwannoma. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1998 Dec;119(6):681-4.
  • Roland PS, Meyerhoff WL, Wright CG, Mickey B. Anatomic considerations in the posterior approach to the internal auditory canal. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 1988 Nov-Dec;97(6 Pt 1):621-5.

Cerebrospinal Fluid Leaks

  • Kutz JW Jr, Husain IA, Isaacson B, Roland PS. Management of spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid otorrhea. Laryngoscope. 2008 Dec;118(12):2195-9.
  • Mehendale NH, Samy RN, Roland PS. Management of pseudomeningocele following neurotologic procedures. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2004 Sep;131(3):253-62.
  • Prichard CN, Isaacson B, Oghalai JS, Coker NJ, Vrabec JT. Adult spontaneous CSF otorrhea: correlation with radiographic empty sella. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2006 May;134(5):767-71.

Facial Nerve

  • Isaacson B, Telian SA, McKeever PE, Arts HA. Hemangiomas of the geniculate ganglion. Otol Neurotol. 2005 Jul;26(4):796-802.

Glomus Tumors

  • Roland PS. Malignant paraganglioma with retrograde flow in the internal carotid artery. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 1991 Apr;100(4 Pt 1):345-7.

Intraoperative Monitoring

  • Batra PS, Dutra JC, Wiet RJ. Auditory and facial nerve function following surgery for cerebellopontine angle meningiomas. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2002 Apr;128(4):369-74.
  • Isaacson B, Telian SA, El-Kashlan HK. Facial nerve outcomes in middle cranial fossa vs translabyrinthine approaches. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2005 Dec;133(6):906-10.
  • Isaacson B, Kileny PR, El-Kashlan HK. Prediction of long-term facial nerve outcomes with intraoperative nerve monitoring. Otol Neurotol. 2005 Mar;26(2):270-3.
  • Isaacson B, Kileny PR, El-Kashlan H, Gadre AK. Intraoperative monitoring and facial nerve outcomes after vestibular schwannoma resection. Otol Neurotol. 2003 Sep;24(5):812-7.
  • Roland PS, Meyerhoff WL. Intraoperative facial nerve monitoring: what is its appropriate role? Am J Otol. 1993 Mar;14(2):I
  • Roland PS, Glasscock ME 3rd, Bojrab DI, Josey AF. Normal hearing in patients with acoustic neuroma. South Med J. 1987 Feb;80(2):166-9.

Middle Fossa Approach

  • Roland PS, Marple BF. The middle cranial fossa approach in managing lesions of the temporomandibular joint. Skull Base Surg. 1998;8(1):11-6.
  • Nussenbaum B, Roland PS, Gilcrease MZ, Odell DS. Extra-articular synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint: pitfalls in diagnosis. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1999 Dec;125(12):1394-7.

Other Lateral Skull Base

  • Kutz JW Jr, Verma S, Tan HT, Lo WW, Slattery WH 3rd, Friedman RA. Surgical management of skull base chondroblastoma. Laryngoscope. 2007 May;117(5):848-53.
  • Mickey B, Close L, Schaefer S, Samson D. A combined frontotemporal and lateral infratemporal fossa approach to the skull base. J Neurosurg. 1988 May;68(5):678-83.
  • Meyerhoff WL, Pollock KJ, Roland PS, Mickey B. Modified Rambo meatoplasty in translabyrinthine tumor removal. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1991 Jan;104(1):100-2.
  • Meyerhoff WL, Stringer SP, Roland PS. Rambo procedure: modification and application. Laryngoscope. 1988 Jul;98(7):795-6.
  • Roland PS, Meyerhoff W, Mickey B. Management of the external auditory canal in skull base surgery. Skull Base Surg. 1991;1(1):39-42.
  • Roland PS, Meyerhoff WL, Balcombe KL, Mickey BE. Spinal fluid profile following surgery in the subarachnoid space. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1989 Oct;101(4):445-8.
  • Visosky AM, Isaacson B, Oghalai JS. Circumferential petrosectomy for petrous apicitis and cranial base osteomyelitis. Otol Neurotol. 2006 Oct;27(7):1003-13.
  • Young L, Isaacson B. Cochlear and Petrous Carotid Canal Erosion Secondary to Cholesteatoma. Otol Neurotol. 2009 Mar 18. [Epub ahead of print]

Petrous Apex Lesions

  • Castillo MP, Samy RN, Isaacson B, Roland PS. Petrous apex cholesterol granuloma aeration: does it matter? Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2008 Apr;138(4):518-22.
  • Isaacson B, Kutz JW Jr, Mendelsohn D, Roland PS. CT venography: use in selecting a surgical approach for the treatment of petrous apex cholesterol granulomas. Otol Neurotol. 2009 Apr;30(3):386-91.
  • Isaacson B, Kutz JW, Roland PS. Lesions of the petrous apex: diagnosis and management. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2007 Jun;40(3):479-519, viii.
  • Isaacson B, Coker NJ, Vrabec JT, Yoshor D, Oghalai JS. Invasive cerebrospinal fluid cysts and cephaloceles of the petrous apex. Otol Neurotol. 2006 Dec;27(8):1131-41.
  • Roland PS, Meyerhoff WL, Judge LO, Mickey BE. Asymmetric pneumatization of the petrous apex. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1990 Jul;103(1):80-8.


  • Hertzanu Y, Mendelsohn DB, Davidge-Pitts K, Cohen M. Chondrosarcoma of the head and neck – the value of computed tomography. J Surg Oncol. 1985 Feb;28(2):97-102.
  • Isaacson B, Vrabec JT. The radiographic prevalence of geniculate ganglion dehiscence in normal and congenitally thin temporal bones. Otol Neurotol. 2007 Jan;28(1):107-10.
  • Meyerhoff WL, Mickey BE, Roland PS, Drummond JE. Magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of temporal bone and skull base lesions. Am J Otol. 1989 Mar;10(2):131-7.
  • Weatherall PT, Maale GE, Mendelsohn DB, Sherry CS, Erdman WE, Pascoe HR. Chondroblastoma: classic and confusing appearance at MR imaging. Radiology. 1994 Feb;190(2):467-74.

Post-operative rehabilitation

  • House JW, Kutz JW Jr. Bone-anchored hearing aids: incidence and management of postoperative complications. Otol Neurotol. 2007 Feb;28(2):213-7.

Stereotactic Radiosurgery

  • Hertzanu Y, Mendelsohn DB, McIntosh WA. The radiological diagnosis of jugular paragangliomas – the value of computed tomography. J Laryngol Otol. 1984 May;98(5):503-8.
  • Jordan JA, Roland PS, McManus C, Weiner RL, Giller CA. Stereotactic radiosurgery for glomus jugulare tumors. Laryngoscope. 2000 Jan;110(1):35-8.
  • Mendelsohn DB, Hertzanu Y. Paragangliomas of the head and neck—a radiological approach. S Afr Med J. 1983 Mar 19;63(12):436-41.
  • Roland PS, Eston D. Stereotactic radiosurgery of acoustic tumors. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2002 Apr;35(2):343-55.